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    Harmful traditional practices are forms of violence which have been committed primarily against women and girls in certain communities and societies in Tanzania for so long that they are considered, or presented by perpetrators, as part of accepted cultural practice.
    The most common are, Forced or early marriage this can be defined as a marriage in which one or both spouses do not (or, in the case of some adults with learning or physical disabilities, cannot) consent to the marriage and duress is involved’.
    Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM) refers to procedures that intentionally alter or injure female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
    Victims of forced marriage based violence often experience abuse within the relationship. Rape, physical, emotional and psychological violence, forced pregnancy and restrictions on freedom of dress, behavior and lifestyle are common. Some children are virtually under house arrest, and may only be allowed out if accompanied by family members.
    The key risk factor for experiencing forced marriage and ‘honour’-based violence is being female. Younger women are the main victims although men are also sometimes affected.
    The majority of those seeking advice for forced marriage are Tanzanian Children specifically from the rural area where this practices is still higher and tend to be aged between 11 to 17years. FGM is most frequently carried out on young girls between infancy and the age of 15.

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